1.McGuire S. Institute of Medicine. 2014. Caffeine in Food and Dietary Supplements: Examining Safety—Workshop Summary. Adv Nutr. 2014;5(5):585–586.2.Aguilar-Navarro M, Muñoz G, Salinero J, Muñoz-Guerra J, Fernández-Álvarez M, Plata M, et al. Urine Caffeine Concentration in Doping Control Samples from...
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ParticipantsTwelve taekwondo athletes were initially enrolled in this study. Eventually, 9 participants (5 male and 4 female) completed the entire study protocol and were included in analyses. The participants were members of the Polish national team meeting specific criteria,...
Resistance exercise is a powerful stimulus to induce gains in strength and hypertrophy . Although such gains can lead to enhanced athletic performance and may reduce the demands of activities of daily living, paradoxically resistance exercise increases markers of...
The casomorphins—breakdown products of casein, a milk protein, with opiate-like activity—in bovine milk appears to have opposite effects than those from human breast milk on infant development, but what about A2 cow’s milk? “One of the main sources of opioid...
It’s long been recognized that undue emotional and physical stress increases the risk of chronic disease. Mood disorders, notably anxiety and depression, can induce skin and respiratory conditions, initiate asthma attacks and chronic inflammation, and may even play a...
1.Jones TW, Williams BK, Kilgallen C, Horobeanu C, Shillabeer BC, Murray A, et al. A review of the performance requirements of squash. Int J Sports Sci Coach. 2018;13(6):1223–32. https://doi.org/10.1177/1747954118792492.Article  ...
Casomorphins—breakdown products of casein, a milk protein, with opiate-like activity—may help explain why autism symptoms sometimes improve with a dairy-free diet. In my last video series on autism and diet, I talked about the benefits of broccoli sprouts, but the...
Over the 16-week pre-contest preparation, as expected, both competitors lost ~ 4 kg of kg body weight, which was predominantly explained by a mean loss of ~ 3.7 kg of fat mass (FM) and a mean ~ 6% reduction in body fat (BF%). This suggests...
ParticipantsThe study was designed as a double-blind randomised controlled trial with parallel groups. After screening with respect to the inclusion and exclusion criteria by laboratory assistants, 20 young male semi-professional footballers (15.8 ± 0.7-years-old) from Międzyszkolny Uczniowski Klub Sportowy (MUKS) Zawisza...